People also use supplements to meet their vitamin D requirements but should be careful that they aren’t getting too much because many other supplements contain this vitamin. Just keep sodium content in mind. Dietary habits can increase your risk of developing osteoporosis. In the United States, nearly 53 million people either have osteoporosis or are at risk for developing it, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Osteoporosis Risk Factors. Some diseases may weaken bones and increase the risk of osteoporosis and fractures. If you have a disorder of the hormone-producing glands, you may have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. These fractures frequently occur with little or no trauma. Certain conditions and medications can impact on your bone health. Also, knowing your individual risk factors can suggest some changes you could make to improve your future bone density. For example, a number of the risk factors for osteoporosis are in the control of the individual, such as weight, while other risk factors cannot be controlled, such as family history of osteoporosis. Medication use is theoretically modifiable, although in many cases, the use of medication that increases osteoporosis risk may be unavoidable. There are many ways to ramp up your intake of antioxidants, and adding some antioxidant drinks to your diet is one of them. Both men and women may have certain ‘risk factors’ that can make them more likely to develop osteoporosis. Find your major risk factors from this list: 1. This article lists 14 of the foods highest in potassium. Ask how your bone health may be affected and what steps you can take to offset any negative effects. Women are at a greater risk of developing osteoporosis because of the rapid decline in oestrogen levels during menopause. Osteoporosis is more likely to affect people with the below factors or conditions: 1. An early menopause (under 45 years) Levels of oestrogen drop which can affect bone. What are the risk factors for men? Last medically reviewed on August 15, 2019. Facebook Risk factors [4, 5, 6] Clinical risk factors which are used to assess the risk of fracture are: Increasing age (risk increased partly independent of reducing BMD). Here are 10 of the best…. When you know your osteopenia and osteoporosis risk factors, you will understand why you developed the condition. Low body weight/being small and thin. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Risk factors for osteoporotic fracture can be split between nonmodifiable and (potentially) modifiable. Osteoporosis risk factors explain its presentation in certain population groups. Excessive dieting or having an eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa. Vitamin D– If vitamin D levels are low, the body is unable to absorb the right amount of calcium from the food consumed to prevent the development of osteoporosis. This condition makes bones become very weak and puts you at risk of breaking bones during normal activity. Usually the loss of bone takes many years before osteoporosis develops. Preventing Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis risk factors. Most modifiable risk factors directly impact bone biology and result in a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD), but some of them also increase the risk of fracture independently of their effect on bone itself. What is Osteoporosis? Learn how to slow it down and fortify your body against it. Too much alcohol can cause bone loss and contribute to broken bones, but low levels of alcohol may be beneficial. Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are: Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. Prevention of osteoporosis should ideally begin in childhood, aiming to achieve high peak bone mass accompanied by an inherently healthy lifestyle throughout life, in order to minimize bone loss during middle and third age, and in parallel to avoid or diminish other fracture risk factors. Learn seven common myths about osteoporosis and bone health, dispelled by bone health expert Dr. Deborah Sellmeyer. Heredity. Risk factors can be divided into controllable and uncontrollable factors. Age. Dairy products are high in calcium, and some nondairy products have added calcium. These can include long-term oral or injected corticosteroids, such as prednisone and cortisone. If you’re taking any medications or supplements, talk with your doctor about the side effects and risks of the drugs. Fracture risk increases progressively with decreasing BMD, but BMD is poorly sensitive at predicting fracture risk when used without considering other risk factors. To diagnose osteoporosis, doctors will perform physical exams, ask questions about your medical history and symptoms, and test your bone mineral…. You can also get calcium from supplements. Some of these factors include: Lifestyle Being older than 65 years Having broken a bone after the age of 50 A close relative having broken a bone or having osteoporosis Poor or fair health Smoking Being underweight for a specific height Menopause before the age of […] (Low body mass is defined as <19 kg/m 2 by NOGG and as <18.5 kg/m 2 by NICE.) © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. These include Kanis, J.A., et al., Alcohol intake as a risk factor for … Risk factors can be divided into controllable and uncontrollable factors. But because of the skin cancer risk, getting vitamin D from other sources is recommended. If your first period was after age 15 Late production of sex hormones, can affect bone. They can help you take steps to keep your entire body as healthy as possible. Calcium helps build bone, and vitamin D aids in maintaining bone strength and health. One drink a day for women and two for men has been tenuously linked to better bone density. Controllable Risk Factors. Body frame. Low intake of calcium– When levels of calcium have been lacking for most of one’s life, osteoporosis may occur. The bones that make up your spine (vertebrae) can weaken to the point of crumpling, which can result in back pain, lost height and a hunched forward posture. Mos… The OST is a calculated risk index based on self reported age and weight (weight in kilograms - age in years) × 0.2, truncated to an integer. As a result a bone loss of approximately 2% per year occurs for several years after menopause. Read on to learn more. Examples of high-impact exercises include: Your bones don’t become as strong if you’re inactive. Making healthy lifestyle choices—like eating a balanced diet, avoiding smoking, and exercising regularly—help keep bones strong. 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